BASIC QUESTION STRUCTURE

The basic structure of a question in English is very simple!
La structure d’une question en Anglais est particulièrement simple!

If the question begins with a verb, this is how it works:
Si la question commence par un verbe, voici comment cela marche: 
Auxiliary Verb + Subject + main verb (+complement)
Auxiliaire + sujet + verbe principal (+complément)
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These questions are made out of an affirmative sentence such as:
I like Mary, they are playing football…” If there is no auxiliary verb, as in the sentence “I like Mary”; you have to add one, and it usually is “do”.


Ces questions sont construites à partir de phrases affirmatives telles que “I like Mary ”, “They are playing football”… S’il n’y a pas d’auxiliaire dans la phrase, il faut en rajouter un, et c’est généralement “do”.

If you have a question word, it occupies the first place in the sentence.

S’il y a un pronom interrogatif, il prend la première place dans la phrase.

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Exception!! 

For the verb “to be” in the simple present and simple past, we do not use an auxiliary verb. We simply invert the positions of “to be” and “subject”.

Pour le verbe “to be” au présent et au passé, nous n’employons pas d’auxiliaire. On inverse simplement “to be et le sujet.
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THREE MAIN QUESTION TYPES

In English, there are 3 basic types of questions:
En anglais, il y a principalement trois catégories de questions:

1-     Yes / No Questions (The Answer to the question is “yes” or “no”).
Les Questions Oui/Non (la question à ces réponses est “oui” ou  “non”).
 
2-     Question Word questions (the answer to the question brings new information).
Questions avec des pronoms interrogatifs (la réponse à la question apporte une nouvelle information).

3-     Choice questions (the answer to the question is already in the question).
Questions de choix (la réponse à la question est déjà dans la question).
1-     Yes / No Questions
Les Questions Oui/Non

Auxiliary verb + subject + main verb (+complement
Auxiliaire + sujet + verbe principal (+complément)
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The answer to these questions is mostly “yes” or “no”, although they can be answered by “maybe”...
Les réponses à ces questions sont généralement “oui” ou “non”, même si on peu parfois y répondre par “peut-être”…

2-     Question Word Questions
Les Questions avec des pronoms interrogatifs
Question Word + auxiliary verb + subject + main verb (+ complement)
Pronom interrogatif + auxiliaire + sujet + verbe principal (+complément)

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Be careful with the construction with “how”: an adjective can be squeezed in between the question word and the auxiliary verb. “How tall is he?”
Attention à la formation avec how : on peut intercaler un adjectif entre le pronom interrogatif et l’axillaire : “how tall is he?”

These questions all come from sentences such as: “I live in London”, “We will have lunch at 8”, and “You met Sally and John last week”. Watch out for pronoun inversions and for conjugations!


Ces questions proviennent de phrases comme “I live in London”, “We will have lunch at 8” et “You met Sally and John last week”. Attention à l’inversion des pronoms personnels, et aux conjugaisons!

 

3-     Choice Questions
Les Questions de choix
Auxiliairy verb + subject + main verb + choice.
Verbe auxiliaire + sujet + verbe principal + choix

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These questions all come from sentences such as:
“I want (either) tea or coffe”,”My car is (either) black or white”, etc.

Toutes ces questions proviennent de phrases telles que:
“I want (either) tea or coffe”,”My car is (either) black or white”, etc